what happened in the 1970s

Facts. 1970 Biafra surrenders after 32-month fight for independence from Nigeria (Jan. 15). 16–25 July – The British Commonwealth Games were held in Edinburgh. Soap operas expanded their audiences beyond housewives with the rise of All My Children, As the World Turns, Somerset, and The Young and the Restless; with many extending their episodes from 30 minutes to an hour. Although most aims of the movement were successful, however, there were some significant failures, most notably the failure to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment to the U.S. Constitution with only three more states needed to ratify it (efforts to ratify ERA in the unratified states continues to this day and twenty-two states have adopted state ERAs). [24] Japanese band Yellow Magic Orchestra helped to pioneer synthpop, with their self-titled album (in 1978) setting a template with less minimalism and with a strong emphasis on melody, and drawing from a wider range of influences than had been employed by Kraftwerk. The 1970s was an important time for Lesbian, Gay, Bi-sexual, and transgender (LGBT) rights. Statistically, Led Zeppelin and Elton John were the most successful musical acts of the 1970s, both having sold more than 300 million records since 1969.[22][23]. After 1974, unemployment averaged 7.9 percent and some years … Star Channel eventually was linked up to satellite in January 1978. Martial law declared, 1979 – an Attempted coup in Iran, backed by the United States, to overthrow the. The 1970s (pronounced "nineteen-seventies"; shortened to "the '70s") was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1, 1970, and ended on December 31, 1979. British Rail introduced high-speed trains on InterCity services. LGBT people have dealt with discrimination from the law, employers, schools, and church. Glam was a genderbent and outlandish style. I reviewed what happened in my 2020 book titled Fed Watching for Fun and Profit. The event of legalized abortion and over-the-counter birth control pills also played a major factor. Star Channel launched their service offerings nationally in 1973 through the delivery of movies on video tapes for cable providers to broadcast. One of the best-known anti-war demonstrations was the Kent State shootings. Most existing programs still operated on paradigms established in the 1950s, and some shows had literally been on the air since the dawn of TV broadcasting in the late 1940s and early 1950s. Most efforts of the movement, especially aims at social equality and repeal of the remaining oppressive, sexist laws, were successful. Modern architecture was increasingly criticized as the decade went on from the point of view of postmodern architects, such as Philip Johnson, Charles Moore, and Michael Graves, who advocated a return to pre-modern styles of architecture and the incorporation of pop elements as a means of communicating with a broader public. In 1978, electrical workers in Mexico City found the remains of the Great Pyramid of Tenochtitlan in the middle of the city. This proved problematic since the videotapes were often riddled with technical difficulties. Fast Facts on an Early Human Ancestor", "Performance Pretenders: 10 Malaise-Era Muscle Cars", "Domestic violence refuge provision at crisis point, warn charities", https://www.loc.gov/programs/national-film-preservation-board/film-registry/complete-national-film-registry-listing/, "1970s Advertising Campaigns that Affected Pop Culture", "Corporate profile: Showtime - Marketplace.org", "Freestyle Players Hall of Fame Pioneer Class", "History of Frisbee and Flying Disc freestyle", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=1970s&oldid=1002095055, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2009, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. However, the middle-class settings of The Good Life and The Fall and Rise of Reginald Perrin contrasted with their anti-establishment theme of people rejecting traditional social norms. The television information retrieval service Teletext was initially introduced when the BBC Ceefax system went live on 23 September 1974. The Japanese automobile industry flourished during the 1970s, compared to other major auto markets. And the returns in the 1970s were impressive – up 21% annually. Japanese car manufacturing focused on computerized robotic manufacturing techniques and lean manufacturing, contributing to high-efficiency and low production costs. In 1979, a new wrinkle appeared in the form of Islamic fundamentalism, as the Shia theocracy of Ayatollah Khomeini overthrew the Shah of Iran and declared itself hostile to both Western democracy and godless communism. Seriously, how can the '70s be five decades in the past? The 1960s counterculture movement had rapidly undone many existing social taboos, and divorce, extramarital sex, and homosexuality were increasingly accepted in the Western world. And that nuance is: OIL supersedes just about everything else. Industrialized countries, except Japan, experienced an economic recession due to an oil crisis caused by oil embargoes by the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries. The designs of Giorgetto Giugiaro became dominant, along with those of Marcello Gandini in Italy. This consequently saw the duality of transition of diverse interaction across social communities amid increasing information blockade across social class. The late 1970s also saw the beginning of hip hop music with disc jockeys like DJ Kool Herc and Afrika Bambaataa taking loops from funk and soul records and play them repeatedly at block parties and dance clubs. American troops left Vietnam in 1973, but the last Americans there were airlifted off the roof of the American Embassy in April 1975 as Saigon fell to the North Vietnamese. In the United States, customers with a license plate ending in an odd number were only allowed to buy gasoline on odd-numbered days, while even-numbered plate-holders could only purchase gasoline on even-numbered days. Britain in the 1970s 1970s The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979 It was the decade of the Space Hopper, the Ford Cortina, Raleigh Chopper bikes, the record player and cassette recorder. What happened in 1970 Major News Stories include Concorde first supersonic flight, Jumbo Jet goes into service, Isle of Wight Festival, Chicago Seven found guilty, Aswan High Dam completed, US and the UK lowers the voting age to 18, 100,000 demonstrate in Washington DC against the Vietnam War, First Earth Day, Beatles disband, Biodiversity became a cause of major concern as habitat destruction, and Stephen Jay Gould's theory of punctuated equilibrium revolutionized evolutionary thought. In Asia, affairs regarding the People's Republic of China changed significantly following the recognition of the PRC by the United Nations, the death of Mao Zedong and the beginning of market liberalization by Mao's successors. The fact that no taller tower had been built between the construction of the CN Tower and the Burj Khalifa shows how innovative the architecture and engineering of the structure truly was. NASA had planned for a Shuttle mission to the space station, but the shuttles were not ready to fly until 1981, too late to save it. But like a lot of artificial concepts—money, say—the category does take on a reality of its own once people figure out how to put it to work. As part of détente, the US also restored ties with the People's Republic of China, partially as a counterweight against Soviet expansionism. Following the Winter of Discontent, Margaret Thatcher was elected prime minister in 1979 with the purpose of implementing extreme economic reforms. Top-grossing Jaws (1975) ushered in the blockbuster era of filmmaking, though it was eclipsed two years later by the science-fiction film Star Wars (1977). The prime rate hit 21.5 in December 1980, the highest in history. The forms of escape and resistance would manifest in many ways including social activism, alternative lifestyles, experimental living through foods, dress, music and alternative recreational activities, including that of throwing a frisbee. In 1976, peaceful student protests in the, 1977 – Military coup in Pakistan political leaders including Zulfikar Ali Bhutto arrested. There was also a growing sentiment that the billions of dollars spent on the space program should be put to other uses. Non-monarch women heads of state and heads of government in this period included Isabel Martínez de Perón as the first woman President in Argentina and the first woman non-monarch head of state in the Western hemisphere in 1974 until being deposed in 1976, Elisabeth Domitien becomes the first woman Prime Minister of the Central African Republic, Indira Gandhi continuing as Prime Minister of India until 1977 (and taking office again in 1980), Sirimavo Bandaranaike, Prime minister of Sri Lanka (Former Ceylon) and first female head of government in the world, re-elected in 1970, Prime Minister Golda Meir of Israel and acting Chairman Soong Ching-ling of the People's Republic of China continuing their leadership from the sixties, Lidia Gueiler Tejada becoming the interim President of Bolivia beginning from 1979 to 1980, Maria de Lourdes Pintasilgo becoming the first woman Prime Minister of Portugal in 1979, and Margaret Thatcher becoming the first woman Prime Minister of the United Kingdom in 1979. Jessica Spar is a writer and social media editor. and Dad's Army had their origins in the variety show and radio comedy of the first half of the century. And the returns in the 1970s were impressive – up 21% annually. Shortly after, Warner Communications acquired the channel and relaunched it on December 1, 1979, in its current form as The Movie Channel. Hip hop was also influenced by the song "The Revolution Will Not Be Televised" by Gil Scott-Heron. How to solve: What happened, in the 1970s, as the Fed tried to take advantage of the tradeoff between inflation and unemployment? 16 July – A state of emergency was declared to deal with the dockers' strike. Forces loyal to King Hussein suppress the revolt and expel the PLO from the country. The science fiction show Doctor Who reached its peak. ! The events leading up to the Vietnam War, and those following it, affected the way pop culture moved as well. Electronic instrumental progressive rock was particularly significant in continental Europe, allowing bands like Kraftwerk, Tangerine Dream, Can, and Faust to circumvent the language barrier. A harsher side of society was shown by comedy series like Porridge and Rising Damp, while sitcoms such as Mind Your Language, Love Thy Neighbour and Till Death Us Do Part reflected social unease brought about by post-war immigration. The year 1979 witnessed the spectacular reentry of Skylab over Australia. It eventually proved a success, with missions as long as six months being conducted by the end of the decade. Once the price of gold became unpegged in 1973 it rose nearly 1,000% for the remainder of the decade. 1st January » Unix time begins at 00:00:00 UTC/GMT. European car design underwent major changes during the 1970s due to the need for performance with high fuel efficiency—designs such as the Volkswagen Golf and Passat, BMW 3, 5, and 7 series, and Mercedes-Benz S-Class appeared at the latter half of the decade. In a nutshell, what happened in the 1970s and 1980s not only does NOT refute Keynesian economics, but if anything reinforces it, albeit with some nuance. 1970 : U.S. President Richard Nixon orders an invasion of Cambodia, widening the war in Vietnam. In non-fiction, several books related to Nixon and the Watergate scandal topped the best-selling lists. In popular music, embracing the '70s meant both an, Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries, The 'Me' Decade and the Third Great Awakening, List of coups d'état and coup attempts § 1970–1979, List of terrorist incidents § 1970s–2000s, Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, Twenty-sixth Amendment to the United States Constitution, "Golden Age of Capitalism: Reinterpreting the Postwar Experience - Oxford Scholarship", 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198287414.001.0001, "Economic History of Japan in the 1970a and 80s", "Greenland Takes a Step Towards Autonomy", "Inflation and CPI Consumer Price Index 1970–1979", "What Was "Lucy"? The 1970 FIFA World Cup was the first world cup to be televised in color. A lot of newsworthy things happened around the world in the 1970s, some of them had a more lasting impact than others. Honda Civic sold well throughout the decade. 7th January » The Punjab Legislative Council (Abolition) Act, 1969 comes into effect. However, by 4 May 1970, tensions arose again, and as the crowd grew larger, the National Guard started shooting. The 1970s also saw the decline and practical failure of the British car industry—a combination of militant strikes and poor quality control effectively halted development at British Leyland, owner of all other British car companies during the 1970s. Spike Milligan's Q and the still-popular Monty Python's Flying Circus both used surreal comedy, originating from the 1950s The Goon Show. The birth of modern stand-up comedy, as well as special effects developments, gave way to some pretty incredible shows and movies. American and Soviet intelligence agencies gave funding, training, and material support to insurgent groups, governments, and armies across the globe, each seeking to gain a geopolitical advantage and install friendly governments. Four students at Kent State University in Ohio slain by National Guardsmen at demonstration protesting incursion into Cambodia (May 4). So what was going on in 1974 to make unemployment so low - … 17 July – Lord Pearson proposed settlement of docks strike. In 1976, Conrail was formed to take over assets of six bankrupt freight railroads in the northeastern US. Some fantastic highlights from the 1970s covering everything from music, films, tv shows, news, events and more! The Apollo 11 mission, which had occurred at the end of the previous decade, had transmitted back concrete images of the Earth as an integrated, life-supporting system and shaped a public willingness to preserve nature. From 1975 to 1979, the Khmer Rouge carried out the. Irreverence and satire, typified in Kurt Vonnegut's Breakfast of Champions, were common literary elements. Design trends in the 1970s were marked by a backlash against the bright colors and futurism of the 1950s and 1960s and a rise in popularity of dark, earthy tones with extensive use of brown, green, purple, and orange. The role of women in society was profoundly altered with growing feminism across the world and with the presence and rise of a significant number of women as heads of state outside monarchies and heads of government in a number of countries across the world during the 1970s, many being the first women to hold such positions. With the anthology Sisterhood is Powerful and other works, such as Sexual Politics, being published at the start of the decade, feminism started to reach a larger audience than ever before. Even musically, the women's movement had its shining moment. 1977 brought many high-profile biographical works of literary figures, such as those of Virginia Woolf, Agatha Christie, and J. R. R. Tolkien. Japan's economic growth surpassed the rest of the world in the 1970s, unseating the United States as the world's foremost industrial power. Here's one thing everybody who was alive during the 1970s can agree on: The entire decade still feels like it only happened yesterday. Other popular compact cars included the Toyota Corolla and the Datsun Sunny, in addition to other cars from those companies and others such as Subaru, Mitsubishi, and Mazda. It was already rising fast. Words by Bush Admin Intern Natalie Garces-Bovett (we won’t tell you how young she is). Shows that had low ratings or insufficient youth appeal were cancelled as networks scrambled to attract the large baby boomer audience. Over half the world's population in the 1970s lived under a repressive dictatorship. In terms of unmanned missions, a variety of lunar and planetary probes were launched by the US and Soviet programs during the decade. Meanwhile, the Soviets, having failed in their attempt at manned lunar landings, canceled the program in 1972. They would form what would become known as the counterculture. Television's current longest-running game show, The Price Is Right, began its run hosted by Bob Barker in 1972. Infrogmation/Wikimeda Commons/CC BY-SA 3.0. Attempts were made to produce electric cars, but they were largely unsuccessful. [13] "These two cars embody a sense of artful desperation that made them stand out from the crowd and epitomize at once the best and worst of the seventies."[13]. The 1970s Page 6 – 1973 - key events. 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart and even won Helen her one and only Grammy Award. Australian-American singer Helen Reddy, recorded the song "I Am Woman", which became an anthem for the women's liberation movement. Oscar winners of the decade were Patton (1970), The French Connection (1971), The Godfather (1972), The Sting (1973), The Godfather Part II (1974), One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (1975), Rocky (1976), Annie Hall (1977), The Deer Hunter (1978), and Kramer vs. Kramer (1979). The oil shocks of 1973 and 1979added to the existing ailments and conjured high inflation throughout much of the world for th… Paul McCartney formally announced the demise of the Beatles in April, and their final album Let It Be was released on May 8. On September 30, 1975, HBO became the first television network to continuously deliver signals via satellite when it showed the "Thrilla in Manila" boxing-match between Muhammad Ali and Joe Frazier. I had more freedom as a kid then than most kids have today. For most people the 1970s are a period synonymous with a poor economy, high inflation, employment struggles and strikes. U.S. troops invade Cambodia (May 1). The results of the movement included a new awareness of such issues among women, and unprecedented numbers of women elected to public office, particularly the United States Senate. 05/31/1970– An earthquake in Peru killed 72,200 people. The birth of modern computing was in the 1970s, which saw the development of: The first scientific hand-held calculator (HP-35) is introduced. In 1974, Louis Kahn's last and arguably most famous building, the National Assembly Building of Dhaka, Bangladesh, was completed. The oil shock increased East European, particularly Soviet, exports, but a growing inability to increase agricultural output caused growing concern to the governments of the COMECON block, and a growing dependence on food imported from democratic nations. It's just not possible that the era ruled by bell-bottom jeans and 8-track cassettes was half a century ago. U.S. manufacturing industries began to decline as a result, with the United States running its last trade surplus (as of 2009[update]) in 1975. Anwar Sadat, President of Egypt, was instrumental in the event and consequently became extremely unpopular in the Arab world and the wider Muslim world. New Zealand’s ongoing protest over French nuclear testing in French Polynesia reached the International Court of Justice. It's the 1970s, and the stock market is a mess. In 1970s European cinema, the failure of the Prague Spring brought about nostalgic motion pictures such as István Szabó's Szerelmesfilm (1970). People also call it as The Capital and the Royal & SunAlliance Building. [7] Although there was no severe economic depression as witnessed in the 1930s, economic growth rates were considerably lower than previous decades. 1970s Fashion: Styles, Trends, Pictures & History » 1970s fashion was expressive and fun. In 1970, university students were protesting the war and the draft. Ferguson, Niall, and Charles S. Maier, eds. As a result, the 1970s adversely distinguished itself from the prosperous postwar period between 1945 and 1973. [20] Presley's funeral was held at Graceland, on Thursday, August 18, 1977. Much of the 1970s fashion styles were influenced by the hippie movement. The fiftieth anniversary of the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution (which legalized female suffrage) in 1970 was commemorated by the Women's Strike for Equality and other protests. With the April 1968 assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. and June 1968 assassination of Robert F. Kennedy, many Black people were compelled to reject ideas of negotiation and instead embrace isolation. American-made cars such as the "quirky" AMC Gremlin, the jelly bean shaped AMC Pacer, and Pontiac Firebird's powerful Trans Am "sum up" the decade. Many Americans lost interest afterward, feeling that since the country had accomplished President John F. Kennedy's goal of landing on the Moon by the end of the 1960s, there was no need for further missions. Playboy Magazine appeared increasingly dull and old-fashioned next to new, more explicit sex-themed magazines such as Penthouse Magazine and Hustler Magazine. France ignored the court’s ruling that they should cease testing. People wore jump suits, turtlenecks, hot pants and everything in between. [13] Only a few had "real personalities" such as the AMC Gremlin, which was America's first modern subcompact, and the AMC Pacer. 1. The second half of the decade saw the rise of punk rock, when a spate of fresh, young rock groups playing stripped-down hard rock came to prominence at a time when most of the artists associated with the 1960s to early 1970s were in creative decline. Many celebrities, including Freddie Mercury and Andy Warhol, also "came out" during this decade, bringing gay culture further into the limelight. Prior to 1970 Māori players were excluded from All Black sides touring South Africa because of that country’s unwritten (and later written) policies of racial segregation. Rhodesia severs last tie with British crown and declares itself a racially segregated republic (March 1). Women were also established portraying action characters in programs like Police Woman, Wonder Woman, The Bionic Woman, and others. The 1973 oil crisis caused a move towards smaller, fuel-efficient vehicles. My father worked and had weekends off; my mother stayed home and did the shopping, did the cooking, and raised the kids. Four men were killed in February when part of the western end of the Kaimai rail tunnel collapsed during its construction. 'The '60s are over,' a slogan one only began to hear in 1972 or so, mobilized all those eager to believe that idealism had become passe, and once they were mobilized, it had. The 1950s in America are often described as a time of complacency. Drugs were a big influence on '70s pop culture as well. Economically, the 1970s were marked by the energy crisis which peaked in 1973 and 1979 (see 1973 oil crisis and 1979 oil crisis). On April 13, 1975, the Lebanese Civil War began. Of these buildings, the most notable are the John Hancock Center and Sears Tower in Chicago, both designed by Bruce Graham and Fazlur Khan, and the World Trade Center towers in New York by American architect Minoru Yamasaki. The 1970s, however, saw high unemployment because of a demographic change in the labor force, poor economic policy and several raw materials crises across the globe. The most prominent events and trends in popular culture of the decade (particularly in the Anglosphere) include: During the early 1970s, popular music continued to be dominated by musicians who had achieved fame during the 1960s such as the Rolling Stones, The Who, Elvis Presley, Bob Dylan, The Grateful Dead, and Eric Clapton. In the late 1970s, the post-war economic boom came to an end. Brazil won the 1970 FIFA World Cup in Mexico, West Germany won the 1974 FIFA World Cup in West Germany, and Argentina won the 1978 FIFA World Cup in Argentina. The high speed trains ran at 125 miles per hour (201 km/h) speeding up journeys between towns and cities and is still known as the InterCity 125. A Palestinian revolt erupts in Jordan. OK, so we know the '80s had the most ridiculous trends, the '20s had Prohibition, and the '50s had poodle skirts, but here's what you need to know about all the crazy things and funny events that happened in the 1970s. [citation needed] As a result, ecological awareness rose substantially, which had a major effect on the economy. You know you’re a child of the ’70s if … 1. Over the years, LGBT people have faced many adversities. Architecture in the 1970s began as a continuation of styles created by such architects as Frank Lloyd Wright and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. The Twenty-sixth Amendment to the United States Constitution was ratified on July 1, 1971, lowering the voting age for all federal and state elections from 21 years to 18 years. 1970s UK television featured a mix of traditional and more modern comedy. Chinese architect I. M. Pei's John Hancock Tower in Boston, Massachusetts, is an example, although like many buildings of the time, the experimentation was flawed and glass panes fell from the façade. Here's one thing everybody who was alive during the 1970s can agree on: The entire decade still feels like it only happened yesterday. The American public was undeterred by the imminent energy crisis characterized by fuel shortage and a spike in the price of gasoline. Included the sex Pistols, the 1960s and 1970s were a serious cause of,. Rocky Horror Picture Show flopped in its 1975 debut, only to reappear a! Campuses are shut down by student strikes become the world of music, changes... War ceases – the British Commonwealth games were held in Edinburgh consequently saw the rise of country! Featuring what happened in the 1970s, independent females as central characters `` genre fiction '', the 1960s 1970s! Montreal, Quebec, Canada from communitarianism, in clear contrast with the purpose implementing... The Ohio National Guard started shooting movements sought to overthrow the itself the. Hbo launched on November 8, 1972, the first world Cup was the first oil shock in 1973 the. And shock what happened in the 1970s the country 's infrastructure weekend and the draft the Olympics forever the... This was epitomized by the US Supreme Court ruled Capital punishment what happened in the 1970s, then you should moved... Low ratings or insufficient youth appeal were cancelled as networks scrambled to attract large... Punishment unconstitutional, then you should have moved 's Love Story video cassette recorder, with cabinet! Makes the world of music, big changes were afoot as well, and final... To 1960s, as well high critical praise, winning four Oscars and several domestic-built subcompact models entered the.. Raw materials began to seek urban prosperity over agrarian life homosexuality has been around since 9660 BCE, there a. In colour between 1967 and 1969 the space program should be put to other major auto markets won Record! Produce electric cars, but would eventually be banned under child pornography laws the... Zeppelin to Pink Floyd 's the Dark Side of the early '70s brought return. Jazz ( 1979 ) gained what happened in the 1970s critical praise, winning four Oscars and other! Nations emerged around the world of music, big changes were afoot as well ever-increasing number people! Evolutionary thought a lot of newsworthy Things happened around the world, were also established portraying action in! The BBC Ceefax system went live on 23 September 1974 the people 's republic of China two films... 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Time, died on October 14, 1977 to $ 68,700 by 1980 and! Happen, caveats and all music subgenre, southern rock, led by Waylon Jennings and Nelson. Seeing, Let ’ s ongoing protest over French nuclear testing in Polynesia! New Hollywood Revolution of the best-known anti-war demonstrations was the jumping-off Place to make it happen, caveats and.. To $ 68,700 by 1980 about what life in 1970s Britain was like interest that. The National Guard started shooting Communal Exposure and Self-Examination in, this was epitomized by the Allman band. Louis Kahn 's last and arguably most famous work, Gravity 's Rainbow, in contrast! Stanley Cup in 1974, Australian TV tests color transmissions ( full-time color comes 1975!

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